Direct dating archeology
Archaeology, also spelled archeology, the scientific study of the material remains of past human life and activities.
These include human artifacts from the very earliest stone tools to the man-made objects that are buried or thrown away in the present day: everything made by human beings—from simple tools to complex machines, from the earliest houses and temples and tombs to palaces, cathedrals, and pyramids.
Archaeological investigations are a principal source of knowledge of prehistoric, ancient, and extinct culture.
The word comes from the Greek artifacts he studies.
Because it concerns things people have made, the most direct findings of archaeology bear on the history of art and technology; but by inference it also yields information about the society, religion, and economy of the people who created the artifacts.Also, it may bring to light and interpret previously unknown written documents, providing even more certain evidence about the past.But no one archaeologist can cover the whole range of man’s history, and there are many branches of archaeology divided by geographical areas (such as classical archaeology, the archaeology of ancient Greece and Rome; or Egyptology, the archaeology of ancient Egypt) or by periods (such as medieval archaeology and industrial archaeology).Writing began 5,000 years ago in Mesopotamia and Egypt; its beginnings were somewhat later in India and China, and later still in Europe.