Incorporating Emotions and Personality in Artificial Intelligence Software Proteus Pandorabots-general Jason and the Argonauts / Jason and the Golden Fleece G.
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A chatbot (also known as a talkbot, chatterbot, Bot, IM bot, interactive agent, or Artificial Conversational Entity) is a computer program which conducts a conversation via auditory or textual methods.
Such programs are often designed to convincingly simulate how a human would behave as a conversational partner, thereby passing the Turing test.
Chatbots are typically used in dialog systems for various practical purposes including customer service or information acquisition.
which proposed what is now called the Turing test as a criterion of intelligence.
This criterion depends on the ability of a computer program to impersonate a human in a real-time written conversation with a human judge, sufficiently well that the judge is unable to distinguish reliably—on the basis of the conversational content alone—between the program and a real human.
The notoriety of Turing's proposed test stimulated great interest in Joseph Weizenbaum's program ELIZA, published in 1966, which seemed to be able to fool users into believing that they were conversing with a real human.
However Weizenbaum himself did not claim that ELIZA was genuinely intelligent, and the Introduction to his paper presented it more as a debunking exercise: [In] artificial intelligence ...
machines are made to behave in wondrous ways, often sufficient to dazzle even the most experienced observer.But once a particular program is unmasked, once its inner workings are explained ...its magic crumbles away; it stands revealed as a mere collection of procedures ...The observer says to himself "I could have written that".